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Salon de l'Automobile (Automobile Exhibition). Paris, 1904.

Picasso at the Lapin Agile

What was happening in 1904?

History

  • Russia is at war with Japan over territory. Germany supports Russia.
  • International Woman Suffrage Alliance is established.
  • Longacre Square in New York City is renamed Times Square.
  • New York subway opens and begins running services.

Art

  • Pablo Picasso moves away from his Blue Period style of painting and adds more color to his work (which later becomes known as the Rose Period). He also meets artist and model Fernande Olivier. She becomes the subject of over 60 paintings before they separate in 1912.

Fashion

  • Parisian cosmetics company Coty is founded.
  • The modern Gibson Girl daytime style continues to be popular: shirtwaist blouse with high neck and puffy sleeves, flared ‘short’ walking length skirt, frills, s-shaped corset, small straw hat. Although skirts are shorter, they are becoming more and more flared.
  • Men are wearing light colored wool suits in the summertime with stiff shirts and straw boaters with a walking stick.

Cinema

  • French film company Pathé breaks into the new US film market.
  • Hungarian-born William Fox buys a penny arcade in Brooklyn, New York to show moving picture shows. This is the first time the Fox name is linked to the movies. It’s the beginning of an empire.

Literature

  • The first comic books are created by extending the comic strip format.
  • The Psychopathology of Everyday Life by Sigmund Freud is published.

Music

  • The London Symphony Orchestra is established.
  • Giacomo Puccini‘s Madama Butterfly opera premieres in Milan, Italy.
  • Gustav Mahler‘s 5th Symphony premieres in Cologne, Germany.

Theatre

  • The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov premieres at the Moscow Art Theatre in Russia.
  • The Academy of Dramatic Art is established in London. It will later be known as RADA.